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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Tkalictrum.]                      FLOBA. INDICA.                                   17
iitrinque acutiusculis, stylo dilatato clemum deciduo apiculatis, valide
a. vulgare; glabrura, foliis miuoribus.T. minus, L. et Anct.
/?. fcetidutn ; gland uloso-pubescens, foliis minoribus.T. minus, ft.
glandulosuin, Koch ; Led. IL Itoss. i. 8. T. focitiduin, L. et Auct. T. va-
ginatum, Royle! III. 52.(v. v.}
y. ma/us; glabrum vel glauceseens, foliis majoribus.T. raajus,
Jacq. et Auct. T. Kemense, Fries! led. M. Ross. i. 13. T. Maxwellii,
Royle/ III. 62.(. 0.)
HAB. la Tibet occidental! vulgatissimum; et in Himalayas occidentalis
jugis interioribus, alt. 9-12,000 ped., in grarainosis; N libra! Ladak!
Zanskar! Kashmir! Kishtwar ! Kanawer et Piti, Royle / etc. Sikkim
interins, alt. 11-12,000 ped.Var. a. (forma Europaea) in India rarius
occurrit in sylvis Himalayas iuterioris temperatae; j8. in Tibetia vulgaris,
etiam occurrit in montibus altioribus Kishtwar et Kanawer; y. quae in
Tibet in pratis Zanskar et Piti crescit (alt. 10-11,000 ped.) vulgatior
est in siccioribus Himalaya interioris.
DISTKIB. Enropa tota! Africa boreajis! (et australis ?); Asia tem-
pera ta!
Herba 2-4-pedalis, erecta vel basi prostrata, ramosa; radix fibrosa. Panicula
multiflora, fere apliylla. Sepala viridi-purpui-asceiitia, dliptica, nervosa. Antkera
elongatse, muc-ronatse.
This species, which is extremely abundant in all parts of -Europe and Siberia, is
exceedingly polymorphous, aud has received at the hands of European and Siberian
botanists a vast number of names ; while the great variation in the opinions of dif-
ferent authors as to the limits of the different species which they distinguish from
one another is, we think, in itself sufficient to prove that the number of these has
been considerably over-estimated. \Ye have devoted much time to a careful com-
parison of our extensive suites of Indian specimens with the very large collection of
authentically-named European aud Siberian forms in the Hookerian Herbarium ; and
. after attempting in vain to find characters sufficient to distinguish the large-leaved
variety, we have felt ourselves driven to the conclusion that only one species exists
in India. In this we follow Hooker and Arnott, who in the British Flora (fifth
edition) have united all the European forms under T. minus, L. T. s&jcatilet
Schleicher and DC., has been referred unhesitatingly by Plaachon, in Herb. Hook.,
to T. minus; while T. collmttm, Wallroth and Ledebour, and T. elatum, Murray and
DC., appear to be forms of T. majus. T. Kemense, Fries., which is identical with
T. Maxteellii, Royle, is distinguished by Ledebour from allied species by the pre-
sence of stipellie at the divisions of the compound leaf. This character we have
unfortunately found entirely to fail, as these organs arc present or absent on dif-
ferent leaves of the same specimen aud parts of the same leaf. The number of
synonyms might be much increased if this were the proper place to do so, and if
authentic specimens were available. The dingy pnrple hue of the densely-panieled
liowers, and the long stamens, seem to characterize all the forms, but the truit varies
somewhat in length, beiug usually, though not invariably, thicker and shorter in the
larger states.
13. T, isopyrpides (C. A. Meyer in Led. PL Alt. ii. 346); foliis
ternatina decompositis, segmentis ultimis minutis oblongis obtusis, pa-
nicula.ramosa, foliis floralibus parvis ssepe bracteicforrnibus, acueuiis
3-6 subsessilibus oblongis utriiique obtusiusculis valide costatis.
Led. Ic. JU. L S#7> F. flow. L 7.;